# Reasoning & Aptitude Multiple Choice Question and Answers Set 5

## Reasoning & Aptitude Multiple Choice Question and Answers Set 5

Dear Aspirants , Here we are sharing Reasoning & Aptitude Multiple Choice Question and Answers mcq to you all which will be helpful for various competitive Exams i.e. SSC CGL, CHSL, MTS, Bank Exam, Railway Exam, RRB, Insurance exams, SBI PO, Clerks and IBPS CWE, UPSC, IAS Civils, Mains, entrance exams and other various type of exams etc. For your preparation or enhance your skills in subject of this particular category very helpful to you. All the Best.

**1) A and B start a business, with A investing the total capital of Rs.50000, on the condition that B pays A interest @ 10% per annum on his half of the capital. A is a working partner and receives Rs.1500 per month from the total profit and any profit remaining is equally shared by both of them. At the end of the year, it was found that the income of A is twice that of B. Find the total profit for the year?**

A) Rs. 69000

B) Rs. 59000

C) Rs. 39000

D) Rs. 49000

**Answer: B) Rs. 59000**

**2) The length and breadth of a rectangle are 15 cm and 8 cm respectively. Calculate its perimeter (in cm).**

A) 92

B) 35

C) 70

D) 46

**3) (x-2) men can do a piece of work in x days and (x+7) men can do 75% of the same work in (x-10)days. Then in how many days can (x+10) men finish the work?**

A) 18 days

B) 25 days

C) 27 days

D) 12 days

**Answer: D) 12 days**

**4) Of the four numbers, whose average is 60, the first is one-fourth of the sum of the last three. The first number is :**

A) 48

B) 29

C) 17

D) 36

**Answer: A) 48**

**5) One morning after sunrise, Suresh was standing facing a pole. The shadow of the pole fell exactly to his right. To which direction was he facing?**

A) West

B) East

C) Data is inadequate

D) South

**Answer: D) South**

**6) A and B start a business jointly. A invests Rs. 16,000 for 8 months and B remains in the business for 4 months, Out of total profit, B claims - of the profit. How much money was contributed by B ?**

A) 14500

B) 12800

C) 12000

D) 13000

**Answer: B) 12800**

**7) Find the odd one in the number series given below ?**

**17, 9, 10, 18.5, 35, 90**

A) 90

B) 10

C) 18.5

D) 9

**Answer: C) 18.5**

**8) A jar was full with honey. A person used to draw out 20% of the honey from the jar and replaced it with sugar solution. He has repeated the same process 4 times and thus there was only 512 gm of honey left in the jar, the rest part of the jar was filled with the sugar solution. The initial amount of honey in the jar was filled with the sugar solution. The initial amount of honey in the jar was:**

A) 1 kg

B) None of these

C) 1.25 kg

D) 1.5 kg

**Answer: C) 1.25 kg**

**9) What will come in place of the question mark (?) in the following question ?**

52.5% of 800 + 30.5% of 2800 =

A) 1096.30

B) 1124.20

C) 1226.70

D) 1186.70

**Answer: D) 1186.70**

**10) The difference between the simple interest on a certain sum at the rate of 10%per annum for 2 years and compound interest which is compounded every 6 months is Rs.124.05. what is the principal sum**

A) Rs.8000

B) Rs.12000

C) none of these

D) Rs.6000

**Answer: A) Rs.8000**

**11) Which can not be formed using the letters of the given word ?**

**CONCEPTUALIZATION**

A) Petal

B) Actual

C) Petrol

D) Total

**Answer: C) Petrol**

**12) If the ratio of the ages of two friends A and B is in the ratio 3 : 5 and that of B and C is 3 : 5 and the sum of their ages is 147, then how old is B?**

A) 27 Years

B) 75 Years

C) 49 Years

D) 45 Years

**Answer: D) 45 Years**

**14) Find the missing number?**

15, 30, ? , 40, 8, 48

A) 8

B) 19

C) 21

D) 10

**Answer: D) 10**

**15) Some hills are rivers. Some rivers are desrets. All desrets are roads.**

**Conclusions:**

1. Some roads are rivers

2. Some roads are hills

3. Some deserts are hills

A) Only 1 follows

B) None follows

C) Only 1 and 2 follows

D) All follow

**Answer: A) Only 1 follows**

**16) A is 30% more efficient than B. How much time will they, working together, take to complete a job which A alone could have done in 23 days ?**

A) 11 days

B) 9 days

C) 13 days

D) 15 days

**Answer: C) 13 days**

**17) A boat sails 15 km of a river towards upstream in 5 hours. How long will it take to cover the same distance downstream, if the speed of current is one-fourth the speed of the boat in still water:**

A) 1.8h

B) 5h

C) 4h

D) 3h

**Answer: D) 3h**

**18) In 100 m race, A covers the distance in 36 seconds and B in 45 seconds. In this race A beats B by:**

A) 25m

B) 22.5m

C) 20m

D) 9m

**Answer: C) 20m**

**19) A certain amount earns simple interest of Rs. 1750 after 7 years. Had the interest been 2% more, how much more interest would it have earned?**

A) Rs.35

B) cannot be determined

C) Rs.245

D) Rs.350

**Answer: B) cannot be determined**

**20) Three circles of radius 3.5cm are placed in such a way that each circle touches the other two. The area of the portion enclosed by the circles is**

A) 1.867

B) 1.767

C) 1.567

D) 1.967

**Answer: D) 1.967**

**21) The current of a stream at 1 kmph. A motor boat goes 35 km upstream and back to the starting point in 12 hours. The speed of the motor boat in still water is ?**

A) 7.5 kmph

B) 8 kmph

C) 5.5 kmph

D) 6 kmph

**Answer: D) 6 kmph**

**22) A number when divided by 296 leaves 75 as remainder.When the same number is divided by 37,the remainder will be:**

A) 2

B) 5

C) 1

D) 3

**Answer: C) 1**

**23) AND FOR THE BIG SUM**

If second alphabet in each of the words is changed to next alphabet in the English alphabetical order, How many words having two vowels will be formed?

A) None

B) One

C) Three

D) Two

**Answer: D) Two**

**24) Eye : Myopia :: Teeth : ?**

A) Pyorrhea

B) Cataract

C) Eczema

D) Trachoma

**Answer: A) Pyorrhea**

**25) Find the missing term in the following series ?**

10000, 11000, 9900, 10890, ?, 10781

A) 9712

B) 9801

C) 10423

D) 10241

**Answer: B) 9801**

**26) A speaks truth in 75% of cases and B in 80% of cases. In what percentage of cases are they likely to contradict each other, narrating the same incident**

A) 45/100

B) 35/100

C) 50/100

D) 30/100

**Answer: B) 35/100**

**27) Find the next number in the given number series?**

6, 6, 12, 36, 144, 720, ?

A) 3547

B) 2154

C) 1765

D) 4320

**Answer: D) 4320**

**28) Choose the missing terms out of the given alternatives Z, X, S, I, R, R, ?, ?**

A) J, I

B) K, M

C) J, K

D) G, I

**Answer: D) G, I**

**29) Nitin ranks 18th in a class of 49 students. What is rank from the last ?**

A) 18

B) 31

C) 19

D) 32

**Answer: D) 32**

**30) After replacing an old member by a new member, it was found that the average age of five members of a club is the same as it was 3 years ago. What is the difference between the ages of the replaced and the new member ?**

A) 15

B) 12

C) 14

D) 13

**Answer: A) 15**

**31) Pointing to a girl in the photograph, Amar said, "Her mother's brother is the only son of my mother's father." How is the girl's mother related to Amar ?**

A) Grandmother

B) Sister

C) Aunt

D) Mother

**Answer: C) Aunt**

**32) Modern : Antiquated :: Weak : ?**

A) Puny

B) Inadequate

C) Fragile

D) Strong

**Answer: D) Strong**

**33) "I am five times as old as you were, when I was as old as you are", said a man to his son. Find out their present ages, if the sum of their ages is 64 years ?**

A) Father = 50; Son =14

B) Father = 40; Son =24

C) Father = 48; Son =16

D) Father = 60; Son =4

**Answer: B) Father = 40; Son =24**

**34) A hall is 15 m long and 12 m broad. If the sum of the areas of the floor and the ceiling is equal to the sum of the areas of four walls, the volume of the hall is:**

A) 1200

B) 720

C) 1800

D) 900

**Answer: A) 1200**

**35) On a sum of money, the simple interest for 2 years is Rs. 660,while the compound interest is Rs.696.30,the rate of interest being the same in both the cases. The rate of interest is**

A) 12%

B) 11%

C) 13%

D) 10%

**Answer: B) 11%**

**36) What approximate value will come in place of the question mark(?) in the below question?**

(47% of 1442 - 36% of 1412) + 63 = ?

A) 3

B) 6

C) 4

D) 5

**Answer: A) 3**

**37) Find the length of a rope by which a cow must be tethered in order that it may be able to graze an area of 9856 sq meters.**

A) 76m

B) 14m

C) 16m

D) 56m

**Answer: D) 56m**

**38) In a 300 m race, A beats B by 22.5 m or 6 seconds. B's time over the course is:**

A) 76 sec

B) 80 sec

C) 86 sec

D) None of these

**41) The difference between the compound interest and the simple interest on a certain sum at 12% p.a. for two years is Rs.90. What will be the value of the amount at the end of 3 years?**

A) 8780.80

B) 8673

C) 8746

D) 8560

**Answer: A) 8780.80**

**42) 270 candidates appeared for an examination, of which 252 passed. The pass percentage is :**

A) (97 + 1/3 )%

B) (93 + 1/3 )%

C) (98 + 1/3) %

D) (91 + 1/3)%

**Answer: B) (93 + 1/3 )%**

**43) In how many ways can the letters of the word EDUCATION be rearranged so that the relative position of the vowels and consonants remain the same as in the word EDUCATION?**

A) 4! x 4!

B) 3! x 4!

C) 5! x 5!

D) 4! x 5!

**Answer: D) 4! x 5!**

**44) M and N have children A and B.**

Who is male chiled of M and N ?

A) Can't be determined

B) B

C) A

D) None

**Answer: B) B**

**46) How many terms are in the G.P. 3, 6, 12, 24, ......., 384 ?**

A) 9

B) 10

C) 8

D) 11

**Answer: C) 8**

**47) The difference between the compound interest and simple interest on a certain sum at 10% per annum for 2 years is Rs. 631. Find the sum.**

A) 60100

B) 61100

C) 63100

D) 62100

**Answer: C) 63100**

**48) In a regular week, there are 5 working days and for each day, the working hours are 8. A man gets Rs. 2.40 per hour for regular work and Rs. 3.20 per hours for overtime. If he earns Rs. 432 in 4 weeks, then how many hours does he work for ?**

A) 175

B) 180

C) 195

D) 160

**Answer: A) 175**

**49) Choose the antonym of the word given from the following options ?**

MUNDANE

A) Extraordinary

B) Routine

C) Regular

D) Visionary

**Answer: A) Extraordinary**

**50) What profit percent is made by selling an article at a certain price, if by selling at 2/3rd of that price, there would be a loss of 20% ?**

A) 15 %

B) 30 %

C) 25 %

D) 20 %

**Answer: D) 20 %**

**51) What letters will fill the blank?**

Z, X, V, T, R, __,__

A) K, S

B) P, N

C) O, K

D) M, N

**Answer: B) P, N**

**52) Arrange the following in a logical order :**

1. Shoulder 2. Wrist 3. Elbow 4. Palm 5. Finger

A) 5, 4, 2, 3, 1

B) 2, 4, 5, 3, 1

C) 3, 4, 5, 2, 1

D) 3, 1, 4, 2, 5

**Answer: A) 5, 4, 2, 3, 1**

**53) A, B and C enter into a partnership. They invest Rs. 40,000, Rs. 80,000 and Rs. 1,20,000 respectively. At the end of the first year, B withdraws Rs. 40,000, while at the end of the second year, C withdraws Rs. 80,000. In what ratio will the profit be shared at the end of 3 years ?**

A) 5 : 6 : 4

B) 1 : 3 : 5

C) 3 : 4 : 7

D) 2 : 3 : 5

**Answer: C) 3 : 4 : 7**

**54) Some mountains are hillocks. Some mountains are rivers. Some mountains are valleys.**

**Conclusions:**

1. All mountains are either hillocks or rivers or valleys

2. No valley is river

3. Some river are valleys

A) Only 3 follows

B) None follows

C) Only 2 and 3 follow

D) Only 1 follows

**Answer: C) Only 2 and 3 follow**

**55) 3125 256 ? 4 1**

Which number replaces the "?" in the question?

A) 128

B) 64

C) 27

D) 32

**Answer: C) 27**

**56) The length of the room is 5.5m and width is 3.75m. Find the cost of paving the floor by slabs at the rate of Rs.800 per sq meter**

A) Rs.17500

B) Rs.16500

C) Rs.15500

D) Rs.18500

**Answer: B) Rs.16500**

**57) Antonym of the word**

**DOLEFUL**

A) Glad

B) Pitiful

C) Lamentable

D) Dismal

**Answer: A) Glad**

**58) Bill : Law :: ? : Insect**

A) Bird

B) Pupa

C) Larva

D) Stage

**Answer: C) Larva**

**59) A man buys Rs. 20 shares paying 9% dividend. The man wants to have an interest of 12% on his money. The market value of each share is:**

A) 12

B) 15

C) 18

D) 20

**Answer: B) 15**

**60) How many bricks each measuring 25cm x 11.25cm x 6cm, will be needed to build a wall 8m x 6m x 22.5m**

A) 6400

B) 600

C) 5600

D) 7200

**Answer: A) 6400**

**61) Find out the wrong number in the following series ?**

**2880, 480, 92, 24, 8, 4, 4**

A) 24

B) 4

C) 480

D) 92

**Answer: D) 92**

**62) 34 is related to 12 in the same way as 59 is related to**

A) 45

B) 14

C) 26

D) 38

**Answer: A) 45**

**63) Two trains are running in opposite directions in the same speed. The length of each train is 120 meter. If they cross each other in 12 seconds, the speed of each train (in km/hr) is**

A) 28

B) 36

C) 20

D) 42

**Answer: B) 36**

**64) Two old friends, Jack and Bill, meet after a long time.**

Jack: Hey, how are you man?

Jack: That’s awesome. How old are they?

Jack: Cool … But I still don’t know.

Jack: Oh now I get it.

A) 2, 6, 6

B) 3, 3, 8

C) 1, 6, 12

D) 1, 8, 9

**Answer: B) 3, 3, 8**

**65) A family consists of grandparents, parents and three grandchildren. The average age of the grandparents is 67 years, that of the parents is 35 years and that of the grandchildren is 6 years. What is the average age of the family ?**

A) 35(4/9)

B) 31( 5/7)

C) 34(4/7)

D) 32 (6/7)

**Answer: B) 31( 5/7)**

**66) What time between 4 and 5 o'clock will the hands of a clock be at rightangle?**

A) 6 5/11

B) 3 5/11

C) 5 5/11

D) 4 5/11

**Answer: C) 5 5/11**

**67) A wire can be bent in the form of a circle of radius 56cm. If it is bent in the form of a square, then its area will be**

A) 7744

B) 5544

C) 8844

D) 4444

**Answer: A) 7744**

**68) Complete the given number series?**

8, 14, 24, 40, ?

A) 102

B) 84

C) 96

D) 65

**Answer: D) 65**

**69) In how many different ways can the letters of the word 'DETAIL' be arranged in such a way that the vowels occupy only the odd positions?**

A) 25

B) 36

C) 42

D) 120

**Answer: B) 36**

**70) In a mixture of milk and water the proportion of water by weight was 75%. If in 60 gm of mixture 15 gm water was added, what would be the percentage of water ? (Weight in gm)**

A) 80%

B) 62%

C) 75%

D) 70%

**Answer: A) 80%**

**71) If 6 years are subtracted from the present age of Arun and the remainder is divided by 18, then the present age of his grandson Gokul is obtained. If Gokul is 2 years younger to Madan whose age is 5 years, then what is the age of Arun ?**

A) 60 years

B) 47 years

C) 54 years

D) 72 years

**Answer: A) 60 years**

**72) The difference between the place value and the face value of 7 in the numeral 967452 is**

A) 5831

B) 6339

C) 6993

D) 6393

**Answer: C) 6993**

**73) A boy multiplied 987 by a certain number and obtained 559981 as his answer. If in the answer both 98 are wrong and the other digits are correct , then the correct answer would be :**

A) 555681

B) 556581

C) 553681

D) 555181

**Answer: A) 555681**

**74) A man went downstream for 28 km in a motor boat and immediately returned. It took the man twice as long to make the return trip. If the speed of the river flow were twice as high, the trip downstream and back would take 672 minutes. Find the speed of the boat in still water and the speed of the river flow.**

A) 9 km/hr, 3 km/hr

B) 8 km/hr, 2 km/hr

C) 9 km/hr, 6 km/hr

D) 12 km/hr, 3 km/hr

**Answer: A) 9 km/hr, 3 km/hr**

**75) In a two-digit number, the digit in the unit's place is more than twice the digit in ten's place by 1. If the digits in the unit's place and the ten's place are interchanged,difference between the newly formed number and the oiginal number is less than the original number by 1. What is the original number ?**

A) 36

B) 35

C) 39

D) 37

**Answer: D) 37**

**76) A goods train runs at the speed of 72 kmph and crosses a 250 m long platform in 26 seconds. What is the length of the goods train?**

A) 260 m

B) 240 m

C) 270 m

D) 230 m

**Answer: C) 270 m**

**77) What will come in place of question mark in the following equation ?**

54.(?)3 + 543 + 5.43 = 603.26

A) 9

B) 6

C) 8

D) 1

**Answer: C) 8**

**78) The profit earned by selling an article for Rs 900 is double the loss incurred when the same article is sold for Rs.490. At what price should the article be sold to make 25% profit?**

A) 715

B) 750

C) 469

D) 400

**Answer: B) 750**

**79) All dolls are windows.All bottles are windows.All cars are bottles.**

1. All cars are windows

2. some cars are dolls

3. some windows are cars

Which among the above listed are true

A) only 1 and 3 follow

B) all follow

C) only 1 and 2 follow

D) only 2 and 3 follow

**Answer: A) only 1 and 3 follow**

**80) Bhajan Singh purchased 120 reams of paper at Rs 80 per ream. He spent Rs 280 on transportation, paid octroi at the rate of 40 paise per ream and paid Rs 72 to the coolie. If he wants to have a gain of 8 %, what must be the selling price per ream?**

A) 90

B) 86

C) 89

D) 87.48

**Answer: A) 90**

**81) Rajeev's age after 15 years will be 5 times his age 5 years back. What is the present age of rajeev?**

A) 10

B) 12

C) 14

D) 22

**Answer: A) 10**

**82) One side of a rectangular field is 15m and one of its diagonal is 17m. Find the area of field?**

A) 130

B) 140

C) 120

D) 110

**Answer: C) 120**

**84) Entry fee in an exhibition was Rs. 1. Later, this was reduced by 25% which increased the sale by 20%. The percentage increase in the number of visitors is :**

A) 40 %

B) 60 %

C) 20 %

D) 80 %

**Answer: B) 60 %**

**85) The smallest number which when diminished by 7, is divisible by 12, 16, 18, 21 and 28 is**

A) 1022

B) 1008

C) 1015

D) 1032

**Answer: C) 1015**

**86) A train of length 110 meter is running at a speed of 60 kmph. In what time, it will pass a man who is running at 6 kmph in the direction opposite to that in which the train is going?**

A) 6

B) 10

C) 4

D) 8

**Answer: A) 6**

**87) In how many years will a sum of Rs.800 at 10% per annum compounded semi annually become Rs.926.10**

A) 3.5

B) 2.5

C) 4.5

D) 1.5

**Answer: D) 1.5**

**88) In a scheme, a pack of three soaps with MRP Rs.45 is available for Rs.42. If it still gives a profit of 5% to the shopkeeper, then the cost price of the pack is ?**

A) 41

B) 38

C) 40

D) 39

**Answer: C) 40**

**89) Alloy A contains 40% gold and 60% silver. Alloy B contains 35% gold and 40% silver and 25% copper. Alloys A and B are mixed in the ratio of 1:4 .What is the ratio of gold and silver in the newly formed alloy is?**

A) 20% and 30%

B) 36% and 44%

C) 49% and 36%

D) 25% and 35%

**Answer: B) 36% and 44%**

**90) 'A' sold an article to 'B' at a profit of 20%. 'B' sold the same article to 'C' at a loss of 25% and 'C' sold the same article to 'D' at a profit of 40%. If 'D' paid Rs 252 for the article, then find how much did 'A' pay for it?**

A) Rs.200

B) Rs.196

C) Rs.210

D) Rs.235

**Answer: A) Rs.200**

**91) A can give B 100 meters start and C 200 meters start in a kilometer race. How much start can B give C in a kilometer race?**

A) 110.12 meters

B) 111.12 meters

C) 112.12 meters

D) 113.12 meters

**Answer: B) 111.12 meters**

**92) What will come in place of the question mark (?) in the following number series ?**

**12, 24, 26.5, 79.5,**

A) 211

B) 82.5

C) 101.5

D) 99

**Answer: B) 82.5**

**93) From 5 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words can be formed using 3 consonants and 2 vowels ?**

A) 3600

B) 7600

C) 7200

D) 6400

**Answer: C) 7200**

**94) Two trains started at the same time, one from A to B and the other from B to A . If they arrived at B and A respectively 4 hours and 9 hours after they passed each other the ratio of the speeds of the two trains was**

A) 3:2

B) 5:4

C) 2:1

D) 4:3

**Answer: A) 3:2**

**95) Some blades are hammers. Some hammers are knives. Some knives are axes.**

**Conclusions:**

1. Some axes are hammers

2. Some knives are blades

3. Some axes are blades

A) Only 1 follows

B) Only 3 follows

C) Only 2 follows

D) None follows

**Answer: D) None follows**

**96) The distance of the college and home of Rajeev is 80km. One day he was late by 1 hour than the normal time to leave for the college, so he increased his speed by 4km/h and thus he reached to college at the normal time. What is the changed (or increased) speed of Rajeev?**

A) 30 km/h

B) 28 km/h

C) 20 km/h

D) 40 km/h

**Answer: C) 20 km/h**

**97) Find the ratio of the areas of the incircle and circumcircle of a square.**

A) 1:4

B) 1:3

C) 1:2

D) 1:1

**Answer: C) 1:2**

**98) Horse : Jockey :: Car : ?**

A) Mechanic

B) Steering

C) Brake

D) Chauffeur

**Answer: D) Chauffeur**

**99) Antonym of the given word**

**abet**

A) Aid

B) Risk

C) Pacify

D) Prevent

**Answer: D) Prevent**

**100) A Contractor employed a certain number of workers to finish constructing a road in a certain scheduled time. Sometime later, when a part of work had been completed, he realised that the work would get delayed by three-fourth of the scheduled time, so he at once doubled the no of workers and thus he managed to finish the road on the scheduled time. How much work he had been completed, before increasing the number of workers?**

A) 10 %

B) Can't be determined

C) 20 %

D) 14 ( 2/7 )%

**Answer: D) 14 ( 2/7 )%**

**Reasoning:**

**Also Read:**

Reasoning & Aptitude Multiple Choice Question and Answers Set 5
Reviewed by SSC NOTES
on
July 14, 2022
Rating: