## Reasoning & Aptitude Multiple Choice Question and Answers Set 1

Dear Aspirants , Here we are sharing Reasoning & Aptitude Multiple Choice Question and Answers mcq to you all which will be helpful for various competitive Exams i.e. SSC CGL, CHSL, MTS, Bank Exam, Railway Exam, RRB, Insurance exams, SBI PO, Clerks and IBPS CWE, UPSC, IAS Civils, Mains, entrance exams and other various type of exams etc. For your preparation or enhance your skills in subject of this particular category very helpful to you. All the Best.

1) Arrange the words given below in a meaningful sequence.
1.Presentation  2.Recommendation  3. Arrival  4.Discussion  5.Introduction
A) 3, 5, 1, 4, 2
B) 3, 5, 4, 2, 1
C) 5, 3, 4, 1, 2
D) 5, 3, 1, 2, 4
Answer: A) 3, 5, 1, 4, 2

2) A and B invest in a business in the ratio 3 : 2. If 5% of the total profit goes to charity and A's share is Rs. 855, the total profit is :
A) 2000
B) 1500
C) 1000
D) 500
Answer: B) 1500

3) What was the day on 15th august 1947 ?
A) Thursday
B) Sunday
C) Friday
D) Saturday
Answer: C) Friday

4) Today is Monday. After 61 days, it will be :
A) Sunday
B) Monday
C) Saturday
D) Tuesday
Answer: C) Saturday

5) In an election between two candidates, one got 55% of the total valid votes, 20% of the votes were invalid. If the total number of votes was 7500, the number of valid votes that the other candidate got, was :
A) 2500
B) 2900
C) 3100
D) 2700
Answer: D) 2700

6) Find the odd man out.
2, 5, 10, 17, 26, 37, 50, 64
A) 37
B) 50
C) 64
D) 26
Answer: C) 64

7) Two numbers are respectively 20% and 50% more than a third number. The ratio of the two numbers is:
A) 2:5
B) 3:5
C) 5:4
D) 4:5
Answer: D) 4:5

8) Find the odd man out.
41, 43, 47, 53, 61, 71, 73, 81
A) 61
B) 41
C) 71
D) 81
Answer: D) 81

9) A problem is given to three students whose chances of solving it are 1/2, 1/3 and 1/4 respectively. What is the probability that the problem will be solved?
A) 1/2
B) 7/12
C) 1/4
D) 3/4
Answer: D) 3/4

10) Find the missing number in the series?
4, 18, ?, 100, 180, 294, 448
A) 60
B) 58
C) 50
D) 48
Answer: D) 48

11) A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z .

Which letter in this alphabet is the eighth letter to the right of the letter and  which is tenth letter to the left of the last but one letter of the alphabet?
A) H
B) I
C) W
D) X
Answer: C) W

12) Find the odd man out?
396, 462, 572, 427, 671, 264.
A) 427
B) 462
C) 671
D) 264
Answer: A) 427

13) A bag contains 50 P, 25 P and 10 P coins in the ratio 5: 9: 4, amounting to Rs. 206. Find the number of coins of each type respectively.
A) 200,160,300
B) 360, 160, 200
C) 160, 360, 200
D) 200, 360,160
Answer: D) 200, 360,160

14) A grocer has a sale of Rs 6435, Rs. 6927, Rs. 6855, Rs. 7230 and Rs. 6562 for 5 consecutive months. How much sale must he have in the sixth month so that he gets an average sale of Rs, 6500 ?
A) 6453
B) 4991
C) 5987
D) 5467
Answer: B) 4991

15) In a certain code language COMPUTER is written as RFUVQNPC. How will MEDICINE be written in that code language?
A) EOJDJEFM
B) MFEDJJOE
C) MFEJDJOE
D) EOJDEJFM
Answer: A) EOJDJEFM

16) Tickets numbered 1 to 20 are mixed up and then a ticket is drawn at random. What is the probability that the ticket drawn has a number which is a multiple of 3 or 5?
A) 1/2
B) 9/20
C) 3/5
D) 8/15
Answer: B) 9/20

17) If selling price is doubled, the profit triples. Find the profit percent ?
A) 100%
B) 300%
C) 400%
D) 200%
Answer: A) 100%

18) Insert the missing number.
7, 26, 63, 124, 215, 342, (....)
A) 391
B) 481
C) 421
D) 511
Answer: D) 511

19) A student multiplied a number by 3/5 instead of 5/3, What is the percentage error in the calculation ?
A) 54 %
B) 74 %
C) 84 %
D) 64 %
Answer: D) 64 %

20) Find the wrong number in the series.
1, 2, 6, 15, 31, 56, 91
A) 91
B) 56
C) 31
D) 15
Answer: A) 91

21) Insert the missing number.
2, 6, 12, 20, 30, 42, 56, (....)
A) 64
B) 61
C) 70
D) 72
Answer: D) 72

22) What is the next number in the given Number Series?
5, 24, 94, 279, ?
A) 554
B) 499
C) 489
D) 587
Answer: A) 554

23) Insert the missing number.
16, 33, 65, 131, 261, (....)
A) 523
B) 521
C) 613
D) 721
Answer: A) 523

24) Find out the wrong number in the given sequence of numbers.
56, 72, 90, 110, 132, 150
A) 72
B) 110
C) 132
D) 150
Answer: D) 150

25) Find the missing number in the following series?
3, 5, 5, 19, 7, 41, 9, ?
A) 71
B) 79
C) 61
D) 69
Answer: A) 71

26) Find the odd number out of the following number series?
2 4 8 11.5 18.25 28.375
A) 28.375
B) 18.25
C) 8
D) 11.5
Answer: C) 8

27) A is B's sister. C is B's mother. D is C's father. E is D's mother. Then, how is A related to D?
A) Grandfather
B) Grandmother
C) Granddaughter
D) Daughter
Answer: C) Granddaughter

28) A clock is set right at 8 a.m. The clock gains 10 minutes in 24 hours will be the true time when the clock indicates 1 p.m. on the following day?
A) 47 min. past 12.
B) 48 min. past 12.
C) 45 min. past 12.
D) 46 min. past 12.
Answer: B) 48 min. past 12.

29) Find the odd term from the given series of numbers  ?
125, 127, 130, 135, 142, 153, 165 ?
A) 153
B) 165
C) 142
D) 127
Answer: B) 165

30) How many pairs of letters are there in the word " CASTRAPHONE" which have as many letters between them in the word as in the alphabet?
A) 4
B) 3
C) 6
D) 5
Answer: C) 6

31) A, B and C can do a piece of work in 24 days, 30 days and 40 days respectively. They began the work together but C left 4 days before the completion of the work. In how many days was the work completed?
A) 11 days
B) 13 days
C) 12 days
D) 14 days
Answer: A) 11 days

32) If 20% of a = b, then b% of 20 is the same as :
A) 10% of a
B) 6% of a
C) 8% of a
D) 4% of a
Answer: D) 4% of a

33) 8 litres are drawn from a cask full of wine and is then filled with water. This operation is performed three more times. The ratio of the quantity of wine now left in cask to that of the water is 16 : 65. How much wine the cask hold originally?
A) 24 litres
B) 42 litres
C) 32 litres
D) 18 litres
Answer: A) 24 litres

34) What should come in place of question mark (?) in the following number series?
132       156       ?         210          240          272
A) 204
B) 182
C) 196
D) 199
Answer: B) 182

35) Find the next number in te given series ?
5, 25, 61, 113, ...
A) 156
B) 179
C) 142
D) 181
Answer: D) 181

37) A father said his son , " I was as old as you are at present at the time of your birth. " If the father age is 38 now, the son age 5 years back was :
A) 19
B) 33
C) 38
D) 14
Answer: D) 14

38) What is the next number in this series ?
4, 6, 12, 18, 30, 42, 60, ?
A) 73
B) 72
C) 69
D) 71
Answer: B) 72

39) Find the missing number in the following Series ?
18, 97, 26, 91,
A) 30
B) 34
C) 36
D) 32
Answer: B) 34

40) The average of runs of a cricket player of 10 innings was 32. How many runs must he make in his next innings so as to increase his average of runs by 4 ?
A) 87
B) 79
C) 76
D) 85
Answer: C) 76

41) 7 9 19 18 31 29
Find the odd number in the given Number Series?
A) 19
B) 31
C) 18
D) 29
Answer: D) 29

42) Arrange these words in alphabetical order and tick the one that comes last
1. Abandon  2. Actuate  3. Accumulate  4. Acquit   5. Achieve
A) Acquit
B) Accumulate
C) Achieve
D) Actuate

43) 10 25 45 54 60 75 85
Find the Odd Number?
A) 54
B) 45
C) 85
D) 10
Answer: A) 54

44) what is the missing number in the sequence given below?
12  9  13.50  30.37  ?  341.71
A) 97.94
B) 91.12
C) 93.41
D) 87.63
Answer: B) 91.12

45) Find the odd man out.
6, 9, 15, 21, 24, 28, 30
A) 28
B) 30
C) 21
D) 24
Answer: A) 28

46) Out of 7 consonants and 4 vowels, how many words of 3 consonants and 2 vowels can be formed?
A) 24400
B) 25200
C) 52000
D) 120
Answer: B) 25200

47) Find the Missing number in the given Series ?

2, 3, 6, 15,
A) 56.5
B) 45
C) 78.5
D) 87
Answer: B) 45

48) What should come next in the following letter sequence?
A A B A B C A B C D A B C D E A B C D
A) C
B) E
C) A
D) B
Answer: B) E

49) Salaries of Ravi and Sumit are in the ratio 2:3. If the salary of each is increased by Rs. 4000, the new ratio becomes 40:57. What is Sumit's salary?
A) 50000
B) 38000
C) 36700
D) 46800
Answer: B) 38000

50) 7, 11, 19, 35, ?
Find the next number in the given number series?
A) 94
B) 83
C) 67
D) 131
Answer: C) 67

51) What is the next number in the following number series
3, 5, 8, 15, 28, 51, ?
A) 98
B) 102
C) 79
D) 87
Answer: A) 98

52) A trader mixes 26 kg of rice at Rs. 20 per kg with 30 kg of rice of other variety at Rs. 36 per kg and sells the mixture at Rs. 30 per kg. His profit percent is:
A) No profit, no loss
B) 10%
C) 8%
D) 5%
Answer: D) 5%

53) B M N G O P C Q R H S T F L U V W X Y A K Z D I E J

Counting from left if it is possible to make a meaningful word from the third and fifth letters from left, using each at least twice and third letter from right in sequence, only once , write the first letter of the word as your answer. If more than one such word can be formed write "M" as your answer, and if no word can be formed write 'X' as your answer.
A) X
B) I
C) O
D) M
Answer: C) O

54) Find the Odd Number in the given Number Series?
3, 6.5, 14, 29, 64, 136
A) 29
B) 64
C) 136
D) 14
Answer: A) 29

55) Find the next number in the series

143 143 136 110 ?
A) 47
B) 91
C) 35
D) 69
Answer: A) 47

56) A bag contains 4 white, 5 red and 6 blue balls. Three balls are drawn at random from the bag. The probability that all of them are red, is:
A) 2/91
B) 3/22
C) 2/77
D) 1/22
Answer: A) 2/91

57) If each side of a square is increased by 25%, find the percentage change in its area?
A) 65.25
B) 65
C) 56
D) 56.25
Answer: D) 56.25

58) Three number are in the ratio of 3 : 4 : 5 and their L.C.M. is 2400. Their H.C.F. is:
A) 200
B) 120
C) 40
D) 80
Answer: C) 40

59) A shopkeeper cheats to the extent of 10% while buying and selling, by using false weights. His total gain is.
A) 21%
B) 23%
C) 20%
D) 22%
Answer: A) 21%

60) A bag contains 6 white and 4 black balls .2 balls are drawn at random. Find the probability that they are of same colour.
A) 7/15
B) 1/2
C) 8/15
D) 1/9
Answer: A) 7/15

61) Two cards are drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards.what is the probability that either both are black or both are queen?
A) 52/221
B) 19/221
C) 55/221
D) 55/190
Answer: C) 55/221

62) Find the wrong number in the given series.
8, 27, 125, 343, 1381
A) 1381
B) 343
C) 8
D) 27
Answer: A) 1381

63) Insert the missing number.
2, 4, 12, 48, 240, (....)
A) 1080
B) 960
C) 1920
D) 1440
Answer: D) 1440

64) In a lottery, there are 10 prizes and 25 blanks. A lottery is drawn at random. What is the probability of getting a prize?
A) 2/7
B) 5/7
C) 1/5
D) 1/2
Answer: A) 2/7

65) In a family, there are six members A, B, C, D, E and F.
A and B are a married couple, A being the male member. D is the only son of C, who is the brother of A. E is the sister of D. B is the daughter-in-law of F, whose husband has died. How is E related to C ?
A) Cousin
B) Sister
C) Daughter
D) Mother
Answer: C) Daughter

66) Cup : Lip :: Bird : ?
A) Bush
B) Beak
C) Forest
D) Grass
Answer: D) Grass

67) How many 4's are there preceded by 7 but not followed by 3?
5  9  3  2  1  7  4  2  6  9  7  4  6  1  3  2  8  7  4  1  3  8  3  2  5  6  7  4  3  9  5  8  2  0  1  8  7  4  6  3
A) Six
B) Three
C) Five
D) Four
Answer: D) Four

68) S L U A Y J V E I O N Q G Z B D R H

What will come in place of question (?) mark in the following series :
LA  UJ  YI  EG  ?
A) NR
B) IB
C) QH
D) ZH
Answer: C) QH

69) A, B and C enter into a partnership and their shares are in the ratio 1/2 : 1/3 : 1/4. After 2 months, A withdraws half of his capital and after 10 months, a profit of Rs. 378 is divided among them. What is B's share ?
A) 339
B) 225
C) 169
D) 144
Answer: D) 144

70) It was Sunday on Jan 1, 2006. What was the day of the week Jan 1, 2010?
A) Monday
B) Sunday
C) Friday
D) Tuesday
Answer: C) Friday

71) In a certain code language,
'134' means 'good and tasty';
'478' means 'see good pictures'  and
'729' means 'pictures are faint'.
Which of the following digits stands for 'see'?
A) 8
B) 2
C) 9
D) 1
Answer: A) 8

72) At what time between 2 and 3 o'clock will the hands of a clock be together?
A) (11 + 10/11) min past 2
B) (12 + 10/11) min past 2
C) (9 + 10/11) min past 2
D) (10 + 10/11) min past 2
Answer: D) (10 + 10/11) min past 2

73) A student has to obtain 33% of the total marks to pass. He got 125 marks and failed by 40 marks. The maximum marks are :
A) 500
B) 800
C) 1000
D) 600
Answer: A) 500

74) In a row of boys, If A who is 10th from the left and B who is 9th from the right interchange their positions, A becomes 15th from the left. How many boys are there in the row ?
A) 27
B) 31
C) 23
D) 28
Answer: C) 23

75) if the price of a book is first decreased by 25% and then increased by 20%, then the net change in the price will be  :
A) 20
B) 40
C) 30
D) 10
Answer: D) 10

76) Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. which one does not belong to that group?
77) In a 100 m race, A beats B by 10 m and C by 13 m. In a race of 180 m, B will beat C by:
A) 5m
B) 5.4m
C) 6m
D) 4.5m
Answer: C) 6m

78) A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z.

Which letter is in the middle of 13th letter from the left and 4th letter from the right?
A) J
B) S
C) R
D) I
Answer: C) R

79) Insert the missing number.
8, 7, 11, 12, 14, 17, 17, 22, (....)
A) 20
B) 27
C) 22
D) 24
Answer: A) 20

80) If South-East becomes North, North-East becomes West and so on. What will West become?
A) North-East
B) South-West
C) North-West
D) South-East
Answer: D) South-East

81) P can complete a work in 12 days working 8 hours a day.Q can complete the same work in 8 days working 10 hours a day. If both p and Q work together,working 8 hours a day,in how many days can they complete the work?
A) 60/11
B) 61/11
C) 71/11
D) 72/11
Answer: A) 60/11

82) Pointing to a person, a man said to a woman, "His mother is the only daughter of your father." How was the woman related to the person ?
A) Wife
B) Aunt
C) Daughter
D) Mother
Answer: B) Aunt

83) A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

If the second half of the English alphabet is reversed then which letter will be 4th to the right of 20th letter from the right?
A) E
B) F
C) U
D) K
Answer: D) K

84) If Z = 52 and ACT = 48, then BAT will be equal to
A) 39
B) 44
C) 46
D) 41
Answer: C) 46

85) The compound interest on rs.30000 at 7% per annum is Rs.4347. The period is
A) 2.5 years
B) 3 years
C) 4 years
D) 2 years
Answer: D) 2 years

86) A sum of Rs.312 was divided among 100 boys and girls in such a way that the boy gets Rs.3.60 and each girl Rs. 2.40 the number of girls is
A) 45
B) 50
C) 40
D) 35
Answer: C) 40

87) A man took loan from a bank at the rate of 12% p.a. simple interest. After 3 years he had to pay Rs. 5400 interest only for the period. The principal amount borrowed by him was:
A) Rs.2000
B) Rs.10000
C) Rs.20000
D) Rs.15000
Answer: D) Rs.15000

88) A merchant has 1000 kg of sugar part of which he sells at 8% profit and the rest at 18% profit. He gains 14% on the whole. The Quantity sold at 18% profit is
A) 640 kg
B) 560 kg
C) 600 kg
D) 400 kg
Answer: C) 600 kg

90) The average of 7 consecutive numbers is 20. The largest of these numbers is :
A) 22
B) 21
C) 23
D) 24
Answer: C) 23

91) If the sum of two numbers is 55 and the H.C.F. and L.C.M. of these numbers are 5 and 120 respectively, then the sum of the reciprocals of the numbers is equal to:
A) 55/601
B) 601/55
C) 11/120
D) 120/11
Answer: C) 11/120

92) The missing number in the Series
114, 131, 165, 216,  ?, 369

A) 294
B) 314
C) 284
D) 304
Answer: C) 284

93) The value of a machine depreciates at the rate of 10% every year. It was purchased 3 years ago. If its present value is Rs. 8748, its purchase price was :
A) 16000
B) 12000
C) 10000
D) 14000
Answer: B) 12000

94) Find the next number in the series 125, 80, 45, 20, ....

A) 5
B) 15
C) 10
D) -5
Answer: A) 5

95) Fresh fruit contains 68% water and dry fruit contains 20% water. How much dry fruit can be obtained from 100 kg of fresh fruits ?
A) 30
B) 50
C) 40
D) 20
Answer: C) 40

96) A can do a piece of work in 10 days, B in 15 days. They work together for 5 days, the rest of the work is finished by C in two more days. If they get Rs. 3000 as wages for the whole work, what are the daily wages of A, B and C respectively (in Rs):
A) 200, 250, 300
B) 300, 200, 250
C) None of these
D) 200, 300, 400
Answer: B) 300, 200, 250

97) The average of 20 numbers is zero. Of them, at the most, how many may be greater than zero ?
A) 0
B) none of these
C) 1
D) -1
Answer: A) 0

98) A rectangular park 60 m long and 40 m wide has two concrete crossroads running in the middle of the park and rest of the park has been used as a lawn. If the area of the lawn is 2109 sq. m, then what is the width of the road?
A) 3
B) 4
C) 1
D) 2
Answer: A) 3

99) Find the next number in the given sequence?
11, 17, 39, 85, ?
A) 133
B) 153
C) 163
D) 143
Answer: C) 163

100) If Rs. 782 be divided into three parts, proportional to
A) Rs. 204
B) Rs. 190
C) Rs. 192
D) Rs. 182
Answer: A) Rs. 204

Reasoning: Also Read:
Reasoning & Aptitude Multiple Choice Question and Answers Set 1 Reviewed by SSC NOTES on July 13, 2022 Rating: 5
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